Answer: The people of South Africa struggled against the apartheid in the following way: Question 2. Question 8. (i) Sovereign, (c) Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born in the year 1891 and died in the year 1956. D ownload CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 in PDF format and NCERT Solutions, sample papers and exam papers for class 9, test papers, chapter assignments with answers for practice, Previous year CBSE CCE Examination Board papers for Summative Assessment 1 (SA – I) and Summative Assessment 2 (SA – II), Periodicals and Annual papers of Delhi, Outside and … But there is no official religion. You should also read Basic GK Questions and Answers for a huge collection of GK Questions. The elected members drafted the document called the Constitution. The phrase ‘Service of India’ means the service of the millions who suffer. Students appearing for CBSE class 9 th annual exam 2020 must go through these long and short questions. How were the non whites discriminated? Indian Constitution Important Questions Free Online Test with Answers Very useful for all Competitive Nelson Mandela fought against white domination in South Africa. As the struggle gained momentum, the government realized that the blacks could no longer be held under the oppression. In India, it is called the Parliament or “Sansad”. Answer: Answer: Or Apartheid was the name of a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa. Ambedkar, and K.M. “The manner in which the Constituent Assembly worked gives sanctity to the constitution.” Justify. Answer: Answer: Question 10. This study enabled the makers of the Constitution to select the best provisions from different sources but on our own terms. It also limits the powers of the government by providing some rights to the citizens which cannot be violated. The second reason for accepting the Constitution is that the Constituent Assembly represented the people of India. Question 9. This is called the Preamble to the constitution. “India’s Constitution was also drawn up under very difficult circumstances.” Elaborate this statement with the help of any four circumstances during it was made. (Any three). What do you mean by ‘Constitution’? Question 23. Answer: It is also a charter for the transformation of our country into one which is truly shared by all its people. The British Consitution (based on Conventions). Taking inspiration from American model, most countries in the contemporary world have chosen to begin their constitutions with a preamble. Nelson Mandela spent 28 years in South Africa’s most dreaded prison, Robben Island. Today the determination of the people of South Africa to work together, without bearing any grudges against the white regime in looked upon with great respect. Explain the term Apartheid. Role of Leaders: Leaders like Moti Lai Nehru, Jawahar Lai Nehru and others had played very important role in making of Indian Constitution. To help students in finding the answers to the exercise questions, we have provided the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 2 Constitutional Design. The Constitution does not reflect the views of its members alone. Like South Africa, India’s Constitution was also drawn up under very difficult circumstances. The apartheid government came to an end, paving way for the formation of a multi-racial government. Blacks, whites and coloured people, men and women, live as free citizens, in total harmony. He was a lawyer by profession. What do you mean by the term ‘secular’? More than 2000 amendments were considered. Bloodshed would have taken place. (iii) Dr. B.R. Solution: Answer: V8Q World Event or Revolutions: Many of our leaders were inspired by the ideals of French Revolution, the practice of Parliamentary democracy in Britain and the Bill of Rights in USA. Study notes and study material for Political Science Chapter 3 Constitutional Design. At that time, future of the country did not look very secure. What compromises were made? This created a lot of turmoil. Answer: The South African Constitution sees people of all skin colours as equal. Answer: Answer: These are some of the basic questions asked in Chapter 2 of CBSE Class 9 Political Science. Every document presented, and every word spoken in the Constituent Assembly has been recorded and preserved. The ideals written in the Preamble of the Constitution are as under : Question 5. The government is run according to some basic rules. Answer: A Preamble is an introductory statement in a constitution which states the reasons and guiding values of the constitution. Name the umbrella organisation that led the struggle against the policies , of segregation in South Africa. All religions should be treated equally. 1950, Question 13. Because it contains the philosophy on which the entire constitution has been built. The African National Congress (ANC) was the first organisation that led the struggle against Apartheid. The members deliberated for 114 days spread over 3 years. Drafting Committee prepared a draft. Answer: National Movement: Our national movement was not merely a struggle against a foreign rule. They guide all the articles of the Indian Constitution. Why did the Constitution-framers make provisions for amendments in the Indian Constitution? “Indian Constitution adopted many institutional details and procedures from different countries.” Justify by giving examples. Learn MCQs of Constitutional Design. Ultimately both agreed to compromise. Also, take advantage of our CBSE Class 9 Most Important Questions , CBSE Class 9 Multiple Choice Questions , CBSE Class 9 Fill in the blanks etc. In social and economic life, by reason of social and economic structure one must continue to deny the principle of one man one value. The blacks were not allowed into the Churches frequented by the whites. Answer: Nehru on the eve of Independence Day is known as _______ . (iv) Republic, these different groups had different opinions. Question 14. 26 April, 1994, Question 6. The drafting of the document called the Constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly. (iii) Secular: Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. Answer: Answer: How does the Indian Constitution describes the institutional arrangements? a) Dr Rajendra Constitutional Design Class 9 Important Questions Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Constitutional Design Constitutional Design Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions Question 1. Who was Nelson Mandela? The leaders of the nation agreed that everybody should become part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. 9 Constitutional Design 9 Specific Hazards and Mitigation 2 Physical Features of India 11 Electoral Politics 8 Working of Institutions 8 Democratic Rights 8 India - Size and Location 11 Climate 9 Sports 8 Clothing: A Social History 8 Drainage 11 Food Security 8 9 Those who drafted the Indian Constitution felt that it had to be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. The apartheid regime was particularly oppressive for the ‘blacks’ and the ‘coloured’. CBSE Guide of All Chapters given in the Book. The official policy of racial separation of ill treatment of blacks followed by the government of South Africa was called _______ . Highlight any one similarity between the story of South African struggle for freedom and the Indian National Movement. 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