Participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement. Snyder, The stories that divide us: Media (mis)representations of literacy education. Contrary to popular stereotypes, these activities are not restricted to white suburban males. With free and low cost availability of Web 2.0 technologies and tools, and the access to Internet within the university, halls or residences and other places means that the current generation of HE students can be considered as having the opportunities to take part in what Jenkins et al (2006) considers as a ‘participatory culture’. on Hiroshima – An Empathetic Look, Kalantzis and Cope, Debating Critical Literacy, Kress on Representation and Communication, Roland Barthes on the Death of the Author, Doykas, Gray, Marsden, Queripel, Kiddy and van Haren, Diving into Books, Radvanyi, Gill, Nott and van Haren, Trash: A Novel Study, Schoenfeld and Pearson on the Reading Wars, Dougherty Stahl on Constrained and Unconstrained Reading Abilities, Anderson on a Balanced Approach to Reading, Meyer on Spelling Rules that Work Only Sometimes, Traditional Grammar and Its Impossibilities, van Haren, Riley, Hodge and Gorman, The Wonder of Water, van Haren, Anne Dunn and Robyn Kiddy, The Island: An Allegorical Tale, Gill, Nott and van Haren, Ordinary People, Extraordinary Destinies, van Haren, Gill, Radvanyi and Nott, Hamlet - Madness and Revenge, Adoniou on What Teachers Should Know About Spelling, Myhill and Watson on The Role of Grammar in the Writing Curriculum, Gerot and Wignell Demonstrate Functional Grammar, The Contemporary Significance of Visual Meanings, Kress and van Leeuwen on Images and Writing, Kalantzis and Cope, Analysing the Designs of Images, van Haren and Gorman, ‘Rex’ by Ursula Dubosarsky. van Haren and Gill, Wabi Sabi: Intercultural Meaning Making, McGinn on Seeing with the Body’s Eye and the Mind’s Eye, Merleau-Ponty on Perception and Imagination, Callow on Multimodal Texts in Everyday Classrooms, van Haren, Gorman, Livingstone, Hasler and Owens, Lin Yi’s Lantern, van Haren, Keteurah Gill and Kim Smith, Chinese Shadow Puppetry in Woodwork, Whyte on the Social Life of Small Urban Spaces, Kress on Multimodality in the Science Classroom, Synesthesia and Mode Shifting Between Oral and Written Meanings, Classroom Discussion in Speech and Writing, Good Vibrations, Gorman, Zanotto, Aspden and van Haren, Singing Together, Giving Together, van Haren, Libbis, Gorman and Loudon, Written Classroom Discussion in New Media, Piaget on the Language and Thought of the Child, Growing to Give, Allpress, Parkin, Kiddy, De Rooy and van Haren, What’s with the Weather? Search inside this book for more research materials. Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century. Media scholar Henry Jenkins et al. A participatory culture is a culture with relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civic engagement, strong support for creating and sharing one’s creations, and some type of informal mentorship whereby what is known by the most experienced is passed along to novices.